Roles Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Î² Subunit Cytoplasmic Loops In Acute Desensitization And Single-Channel Features
To evaluate physiological roles of the large, second cytoplasmic loops (C2) situated between the M3 and M4 transmembrane domains of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits. We have constructed chimeric Î²2 (Î²2Ï‡) and Î²4 (Î²4Ï‡) subunits in which the \"nested\" C2 domains (but not the \"proximal\" sequences of ~14 residues immediately adjacent to the M3 or M4 domains) of these Î² subunits were replaced by the corresponding sequence from the serotonin 5-HT3A receptor subunit. We previously reported that heterologously expressed nAChR containing Î±4 and Î²2Ï‡ subunits displayed a faster whole-cell current decay in its agonist response compared to responses of all-wild-type Î±4Î²2-nAChR. This suggests an unexpected, functional role for the C2 domain of the Î²2 subunit in Î±4Î²2-nAChR acute desensitization. Here we report that there also is faster desensitization of Î±4Î²4Ï‡-nAChR relative to Î±4Î²4-nAChR stably and heterologously expressed in the human SH-EP1 cell-line. In addition, cell-attached, single-channel recording shows that both acetylcholine-activated Î±4Î²2Ï‡- and Î±4Î²4Ï‡-nAChR have a significantly lower mean open probability, shorter mean open-time, and a longer mean closed-time than their fully wild-type counterparts while not having different conductance amplitudes. These findings reveal microscopic bases for the faster desensitization of Î±4*-nAChR containing chimeric instead of wild-type Î² subunits. Our findings also remain consistent with novel and unexpected roles of Î² subunit-nested C2 domains in modulation of Î±4*-nAChR function.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Liu, Q.; Kuo, Y. P.; Shen, J.; Lukas, R. J.; and Wu, J., "Roles Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Î² Subunit Cytoplasmic Loops In Acute Desensitization And Single-Channel Features" (2015). Translational Neuroscience. 464.