Brain Cannabinoid Receptor 2: Expression Function And Modulation
Cannabis sativa (marijuana) is a fibrous flowering plant that produces an abundant variety of molecules, some with psychoactive effects. At least 4% of the world's adult population uses cannabis annually, making it one of the most frequently used illicit drugs in the world. The psychoactive effects of cannabis are mediated primarily through cannabinoid receptor (CBR) subtypes. The prevailing view is that CB1Rs are mainly expressed in the central neurons, whereas CB 2 Rs are predominantly expressed in peripheral immune cells. However, this traditional view has been challenged by emerging strong evidence that shows CB 2 Rs are moderately expressed and function in specific brain areas. New evidence has demonstrated that brain CB 2 Rs modulate animal drug-seeking behaviors, suggesting that these receptors may exist in brain regions that regulate drug addiction. Recently, we further confirmed that functional CB 2 Rs are expressed in mouse ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine (DA) neurons and that the activation of VTA CB 2 Rs reduces neuronal excitability and cocaine-seeking behavior. In addition, CB 2 R-mediated modulation of hippocampal CA3 neuronal excitability and network synchronization has been reported. Here, we briefly summarize recent lines of evidence showing how CB 2 Rs modulate function and pathophysiology in the CNS.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Chen, De Jie; Gao, Ming; Gao, Fen Fei; Su, Quan Xi; and Wu, Jie, "Brain Cannabinoid Receptor 2: Expression Function And Modulation" (2017). Neurobiology. 409.