Title

Reduction of cortical TrkA but not p75 NTR protein in early-stage Alzheimer's disease

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Degeneration of cholinergic nucleus basalis (NB) cortical projection neurons is associated with cognitive decline in late-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD). NB neuron survival is dependent on coexpression of the nerve growth factor (NGF) receptors p75 NTR and TrkA, which bind NGF in cortical projection sites. We have shown previously a significant reduction of NB perikarya expressing p75 NTR and TrkA protein during the early stages of AD. Whether there is a concomitant reduction in cortical levels of these receptors during the progression of AD is unknown. p75 NTR and TrkA protein was evaluated by quantitative immunoblotting in five cortical regions (anterior cingulate, superior frontal, superior temporal, inferior parietal, and visual cortex) of individuals clinically diagnosed with no cognitive impairment (NCI), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), mild/moderate AD, or severe AD. Cortical p75 NTR levels were stable across the diagnostic groups. In contrast, TrkA levels were reduced approximately 50% in mild/moderate and severe AD compared with NCI and MCI in all regions except visual cortex. Mini-Mental Status Examination scores correlated with TrkA levels in anterior cingulate, superior frontal, and superior temporal cortex. The selective reduction of cortical TrkA levels relative to p75 NTR may have important consequences for cholinergic NB function during the transition from MCI to AD.

Publication Date

10-1-2004

Publication Title

Annals of Neurology

ISSN

03645134

Volume

56

Issue

4

First Page

520

Last Page

531

PubMed ID

15455399

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1002/ana.20233

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