Activation Of α7 Nicotinic Receptor Affects App Processing By Regulating Secretase Activity In Sh-Ep1-α7 Nachr-Happ695 Cells



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Multiple lines of evidence have implicated that nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) may be an important therapeutic target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although there are reports suggesting a link between alpha7 nAChR subtype and AD, there has been little report on the mechanism. The present study investigates whether and how α7 nAChR activation affects APP695 processing in SH-EP1 cell model. Cell line co-expressing α7 nAChR gene and human amyloid precursor protein 695 (hAPP695) gene were constructed by stable transfection. Expression of β-amyloid, α-form of secreted APP (αAPPs) and APP1695 was measured by ELISA, western blotting and real-time PCR respectively. Additionally, α, β, and γ-secretase activities were also analyzed in constructed SH-EP1-α7 nAChR-hAPP695 cell line. The results showed that SH-EP1-α7 nAChR-hAPP695 cell line, expressing both hAPP695 gene and α7 nAChR subtype gene, was constructed successfully. The secreted Aβ was decreased and αAPPs was significantly increased by non-selective nAChR agonist nicotine (10 μM) and specific α7 nAChR agonist GTS-21 (1 μM), and APP expression was not affected. Furthermore, specific α7 nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine (MLA) reversed the alterations induced by activation of α7 nAChR. CTF-α was increased and CTF-γ was decreased when treated with nicotine (10 μM). In addition, the results of enymatic activity analysis showed that nicotine (1 μM) and GTS-21 (0.1, 1 μM) decreased γ-secretase activity, but has no effects on α-secretase activity and β-secretase activity. Our findings demonstrate that, through regulating γ-secretase activity, α7 nAChR activation reduces APP processing in amyloidogenic pathway, and at the same time enhances APP processing in non-amyloidogenic pathway. The constructed SH-EP1-α7 nAChR-hAPP695 cell line might be useful for screening specific nAChR agonists against AD. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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Brain Research





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