Cellular distribution of transferrin, ferritin, and iron in normal and aged human brains

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The iron transport protein, transferrin, and the iron storage protein ferritin were examined immunohistochemically along with iron in a number of brain regions from normal and aged humans. Two age groups were examined: a middle-aged group (28-49 years), and an older group (60-90 years). Transferrin, ferritin, and iron are found throughout all brain regions examined, predominantly in the perikaryal cytoplasm of cells that are small and round, fitting the description of oligodendrocytes. These cells are present in the optic nerve and in both the gray and white matter of the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and olfactory bulb in both age groups. Ferritin is also found in microglial cells in the gray matter of most of these brain regions. In the subcortical regions examined (corpus striatum, hippocampus, amygdala), in addition to oligodendrocytes, astrocytes can frequently be observed that contain transferrin, ferritin, and iron. There is an age-related alteration in cell labeling: astrocytes in both gray and white matter contained transferrin in the oldest age group, whereas in the younger group the subcortical transferrin immunoreactivity was confined mostly to oligodendrocytes. Ferritin in the subcortical brain regions is also present in astrocytes but is primarily confined to those in the gray matter, even in the oldest age group. Iron is found predominantly in oligodendrocytes, although a few iron-positive astrocytes and microglia can be identified. These results indicate that (1) normally oligodendrocytes contain much of the iron and iron-binding proteins found in the brain; and (2) an increase in age is associated with altered cellular distribution of iron-binding proteins, but the altered distribution is specific to glial cells. These results suggest glial cells may have previously undescribed functions related to metal regulation and sequestration.

Medical Subject Headings

Aging (metabolism); Amygdala (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Basal Ganglia (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Brain (anatomy & histology); Brain Chemistry (physiology); Cerebellum (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Ferritins (metabolism); Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (immunology); Hippocampus (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Iron (metabolism); Olfactory Bulb (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Optic Nerve (anatomy & histology, metabolism); Transferrin (metabolism)

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Journal of neuroscience research







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