Title

A novel fluorescent probe that is brain permeable and selectively binds to myelin

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Myelin is a multilayered glial cell membrane that forms segmented sheaths around large-caliber axons of both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). Myelin covering insures rapid and efficient transmission of nerve impulses. Direct visual assessment of local changes of myelin content in vivo could greatly facilitate diagnosis and therapeutic treatments of myelin-related diseases. Current histologic probes for the visualization of myelin are based on antibodies or charged histochemical reagents that do not enter the brain. We have developed a series of chemical compounds including (E,E)-1,4-bis(4′-aminostyryl)-2-dimethoxy-benzene termed BDB and the subject of this report, which readily penetrates the blood-brain barrier and selectively binds to the myelin sheath in brain. BDB selectively stains intact myelinated regions in wild-type mouse brain, which allows for delineation of cuprizone-induced demyelinating lesions in mouse brain. BDB can be injected IV into the brain and selectively detect demyelinating lesions in cuprizone-treated mice in situ. These studies justified further investigation of BDB as a potential myelin-imaging probe to monitor myelin pathology in vivo. © The Histochemical Society, Inc.

Keywords

Biomarkers, Blood-brain barrier, Demyelination, Multiple sclerosis, Myelin

Publication Date

9-1-2006

Publication Title

Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry

ISSN

00221554

Volume

54

Issue

9

First Page

997

Last Page

1004

PubMed ID

16709728

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1369/jhc.5A6901.2006

Share

COinS