Title

A novel approach for long-term oral drug administration in animal research

Document Type

Article

Abstract

In the field of pharmacological research, the oral consumption of anastrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, when added to an animal's drinking water is hindered by poor drug palatability and environmental loss of drug solution. To overcome these caveats, we developed a novel approach for the oral delivery of anastrozole mixed in a solid hydration gel matrix that functions as a replacement for water. Heated hydration gel was mixed with anastrozole and distributed into a gel delivery device consisting of a 50. mL plastic conical tube containing four stacked 200μL pipette tips to allow for air pressure induced gel disbursement. Transgenic female 3xTgAD mice were randomized to receive either anastrozole-treated or untreated hydration gel at 3 months of age. Body weights were recorded weekly, and gel consumption was measured every 1-3 days. Six months post treatment mice were killed and serum anastrozole levels were determined using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Anastrozole-treated mice gained significantly more weight despite consuming significantly less hydration gel compared to vehicle treated mice. LC-MS analysis, using a low serum volume (10μL), revealed average anastrozole serum levels of 2.91. ng/mL. Anastrozole-treated ovarian tissue displayed ovarian cysts, massive edema-like stroma, and also lacked corpa lutea compared to control mice. These findings demonstrate that hydration gel delivered using the newly developed oral delivery method is a viable approach for pharmacological research involving compounds with poor palatability, low water solubility, and cost prohibitive compounds where environmental loss needs to be minimized. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

Anastrozole, Hydration gel, Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, Oral administration, Ovary, Pharmacology

Publication Date

2-15-2011

Publication Title

Journal of Neuroscience Methods

ISSN

01650270

Volume

195

Issue

2

First Page

194

Last Page

199

PubMed ID

21163304

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.12.009

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