Relationship of nidal vessel radius and wall thickness to brain arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage
Cerebral (brain) arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are a tangle of disorganized vessels that are a rare cause of hemorrhagic stroke in the general population. Although clinical presentation of hemorrhage may be related to the structure of BAVM vessels, there has been no systematic quantitative analysis of BAVM vessel morphology. Histological sections of excised BAVM lesions were prepared from patients who presented with hemorrhage (n = 14) and from patients with no history of hemorrhage (n = 22). Mean values of radius and wall thickness in each section were determined. BAVM radii were 422+/-136 microm (mean +/- SD), minimum wall thickness (thinnest portion of the wall) was 54+/-14 microm; and the minimum thickness/radius ratio was 0.23+/-0.07. Greater vessel wall thickness was associated with hemorrhagic presentation (OR= 1.1; p = 0.046) after adjusting for feeding artery pressure. Because BAVM vessels from patients presenting with hemorrhage had thicker vessel walls, the search for structural properties predisposing BAVM rupture should be expanded beyond the morphological properties analyzed here.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Anthropometry; Blood Vessels (pathology, physiopathology); Cerebrovascular Circulation (physiology); Female; Humans; Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations (complications, pathology, physiopathology); Intracranial Hemorrhages (etiology, pathology, physiopathology); Male; Middle Aged
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Quick, Christopher M.; James, David J.; Ning, Kelvin; Joshi, Shailandra; Halim, Alexander X.; Hashimoto, Tomoki; and Young, William L., "Relationship of nidal vessel radius and wall thickness to brain arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage" (2002). Translational Neuroscience. 1696.