Title

Characterization of the cerebral blood flow response to balloon deflation after temporary internal carotid artery test occlusion

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The authors tested the hypothesis that cerebral blood flow (CBF) would increase after acute and relatively brief internal carotid artery (ICA) test occlusion, and examined the relationship of the postdeflation CBF to the development of neurologic symptoms. In 16 patients undergoing ICA test occlusion with deliberate hypotension, the authors measured intracarotid 133Xe CBF at baseline, occlusion, and deflation. Four patients developed neurologic symptoms during occlusion. As positive controls, 11 other patients received intracarotid verapamil or papaverine before deflation as part of another protocol. Balloon occlusion was 23.1 +/- 10.5 minutes (mean +/- standard deviation) in duration. At 1.3 +/- 1.6 minutes after balloon deflation, there was a trend (12 +/- 31%) for CBF to increase (48 +/- 9 mL/100 g/min versus 53 +/- 17 mL/100 g/min, P =.15), and a 16 +/- 27% decrease in cerebrovascular resistance (CVR; 2.1 +/- 0.6 mm Hg/100 g/min/mL versus 1.7 +/- 0.6 mm Hg/100 g/min/mL, P =.03) compared with baseline values. By comparison, patients who received a intracarotid dilator demonstrated a 53 +/- 55% increase in CBF (48 +/- 10 mL/100/min versus 70 +/- 23 mL/100 g/min, P = .007) and a 33 +/- 31% decrease in CVR (2.2 +/- 0.6 mm Hg/100 g/min/mL versus 1.4 +/- 0.6 mm Hg/100 g/min/mL, P = .0007) compared with baseline. Analysis of variance and regression analysis showed no other relationships between postocclusion CBF and balloon occlusion duration, distal internal carotid occlusion ("stump") pressure, or the development of neurologic symptoms. Acute, temporary interruption of ICA blood flow resulted in minimal postocclusive changes in cerebrovascular hemodynamics, even in those patients who developed neurologic symptoms during the period of test occlusion.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Aged; Carotid Artery, Internal (physiology); Catheterization; Cerebral Angiography; Cerebrovascular Circulation (physiology); Female; Hemodynamics (physiology); Humans; Hyperemia (physiopathology); Male; Middle Aged; Perfusion; Xenon Radioisotopes

Publication Date

4-1-2002

Publication Title

Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology

ISSN

0898-4921

Volume

14

Issue

2

First Page

123

Last Page

9

PubMed ID

11907392

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1097/00008506-200204000-00006

Share

COinS