Title

Adenosine-induced ventricular asystole to induce transient profound systemic hypotension in patients undergoing endovascular therapy: Dose-response characteristics

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Background: Adenosine-induced asystole has been used to induce transient systemic hypotension for various vascular procedures. Dose-response characteristics of adenosine-induced ventricular asystole have not been determined. Methods: During endovascular embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations, the authors performed a series of adenosine test injections to establish a dose-response relation in each patient. After an interval of 3-10 min, the dose was escalated by 10-20 mg for each injection to achieve an end point of 20-30 s of stable mean arterial pressure (MAP) reduction to 25-30 mmHg. All patients received constant infusion of nitroprusside (≃ 1 μg · kg-1 · min-1) throughout the procedure. Results: The authors studied four adult patients (age, 22-44 yr; two patients had two separate procedures) 31y 1600 Divisadero Streetand one pediatric patient (age, 4 yr). Twenty-three adenosine injections resulted in measurable asystole. The adenosine dose was 0.98 ± 0.40 mg/kg (mean ± SD), and the dose range was 0.24-1.76 mg/kg (6-90 mg). The duration of asystole, MAP < 30 mmHg, and MAP < 50 mmHg, were 8 ± 3 s, 18 ± 12 s, and 50 ± 29 s, respectively. The minimum MAP and the MAP for the first 20 s were 16 ± 3 mmHg and 30 ± 9 mmHg, respectively. There was a linear relation between adenosine dose and the duration of hypotension with MAP < 30 mmHg and MAP < 50 mmHg. Conclusions: In the dose range studied, a series of adenosine test injections can be used to determine optimal adenosine dose for induction of transient profound hypotension.

Keywords

Cerebrovascular disease, Induced hypotension, Interventional neuroradiology

Publication Date

1-1-2000

Publication Title

Anesthesiology

ISSN

00033022

Volume

93

Issue

4

First Page

998

Last Page

1001

PubMed ID

11020753

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1097/00000542-200010000-00021

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