Title

High-Frequency Stimulation of the Rat Entopeduncular Nucleus Does Not Provide Functional or Morphological Neuroprotection from 6-Hydroxydopamine

Authors

D Luke Fischer, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America; MD/PhD and Neuroscience Graduate Programs, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Timothy J. Collier, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Allyson Cole-Strauss, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Susan L. Wohlgenant, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Jack W. Lipton, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Kathy Steece-Collier, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Fredric P. Manfredsson, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Christopher J. Kemp, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.
Caryl E. Sortwell, Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, United States of America.

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is the most common neurosurgical treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Whereas the globus pallidus interna (GPi) has been less commonly targeted than the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a recent clinical trial suggests that GPi DBS may provide better outcomes for patients with psychiatric comorbidities. Several laboratories have demonstrated that DBS of the STN provides neuroprotection of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) dopamine neurons in preclinical neurotoxin models of PD and increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, whether DBS of the entopeduncular nucleus (EP), the homologous structure to the GPi in the rat, has similar neuroprotective potential in preclinical models has not been investigated. We investigated the impact of EP DBS on forelimb use asymmetry and SNpc degeneration induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and on BDNF levels. EP DBS in male rats received unilateral, intrastriatal 6-OHDA and ACTIVE or INACTIVE stimulation continuously for two weeks. Outcome measures included quantification of contralateral forelimb use, stereological assessment of SNpc neurons and BDNF levels. EP DBS 1) did not ameliorate forelimb impairments induced by 6-OHDA, 2) did not provide neuroprotection for SNpc neurons and 3) did not significantly increase BDNF levels in any of the structures examined. These results are in sharp contrast to the functional improvement, neuroprotection and BDNF-enhancing effects of STN DBS under identical experimental parameters in the rat. The lack of functional response to EP DBS suggests that stimulation of the rat EP may not represent an accurate model of clinical GPi stimulation.

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Behavior, Animal (drug effects); Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (metabolism); Deep Brain Stimulation; Dopaminergic Neurons (cytology, drug effects); Entopeduncular Nucleus (cytology, drug effects, metabolism, physiology); Male; Neuroprotection (drug effects); Oxidopamine (pharmacology); Pars Compacta (cytology, drug effects, physiology); Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Publication Title

PloS one

E-ISSN

1932-6203

Volume

10

Issue

7

First Page

e0133957

PubMed ID

26222442

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1371/journal.pone.0133957

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