Vessel wall enhancement in herpes simplex virus central nervous system vasculitis
Infection is a well-known cause of cerebral vasculopathy and vasculitis. We report a 36-year-old woman with cerebral vasculitis and ischemic stroke secondary to herpes simplex virus (HSV). MRI studies revealed a pontine stroke with basilar artery stenosis and vessel wall gadolinium enhancement. This case demonstrates the ability of HSV to cause a focal brainstem vasculitis and the utility of enhanced MRI in the diagnosis of stroke related to HSV central nervous system vasculitis.
Herpes simplex virus, Imaging, Meningitis, Vasculitis
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Basilar Artery (pathology, virology); Female; Herpes Simplex (complications, diagnosis); Humans; Simplexvirus (pathogenicity); Vasculitis, Central Nervous System (complications, diagnosis, virology)
Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Guerrero, Waldo R.; Dababneh, Haitham; Hedna, Shushrutha; Johnson, James A.; Peters, Keith; and Waters, Michael F., "Vessel wall enhancement in herpes simplex virus central nervous system vasculitis" (2013). Translational Neuroscience. 1350.