Amphiphilic cationic Zn-porphyrins with high photodynamic antimicrobial activity
Aim: Photodynamic inactivation of microbes can efficiently eradicate antibiotic-resistant strains. Systematic structural modification was used to investigate how porphyrin-based photosensitizers (PSs) could be designed for improved antibacterial activity. Materials & methods: Zinc(II)5,10,15,20-tetrakis(N-alkylpyridinium-2(3,4)-yl)porphyrins presenting systematic modifications at the periphery of the porphyrin ring were evaluated for toxicity and antimicrobial photodynamic activity by measuring metabolic activity, cell membrane integrity and viability using antibiotic-sensitive and resistant Escherichia coli strains as model Gram-negative targets. Results: Maximal sensitizer uptake, and, upon illumination, decrease of viable bacteria by >6 log10 were achieved by positively charged amphiphilic PSs with longer (six to eight carbon) alkyl substituents. Conclusion: Antibacterial photoefficiency (throughout the text photoefficiency has been used as equivalent of photocytotoxic efficacy) can be increased by orders of magnitude by increasing the lipophilicity of cationic alkylmetalloporphyrin PSs.
antimicrobial photodynamic therapy, photosensitizer, porphyrin, reactive oxygen species, singlet oxygen
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Thomas, Milini; Craik, James D.; Tovmasyan, Artak; Batinic-Haberle, Ines; and Benov, Ludmil T., "Amphiphilic cationic Zn-porphyrins with high photodynamic antimicrobial activity" (2015). Translational Neuroscience. 1253.