Title

Biciliated ependymal cell proliferation contributes to spinal cord growth

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Two neurogenic regions have been described in the adult brain, the lateral ventricle subventricular zone and the dentate gyrus subgranular zone. It has been suggested that neural stem cells also line the central canal of the adult spinal cord. Using transmission and scanning electron microscopy and immunostaining, we describe here the organization and cell types of the central canal epithelium in adult mice. The identity of dividing cells was determined by 3D ultrastructural reconstructions of [(3) H]thymidine-labeled cells and confocal analysis of bromodeoxyuridine labeling. The most common cell type lining the central canal had two long motile (9+2) cilia and was vimentin+, CD24+, FoxJ1+, Sox2+, and CD133+, but nestin- and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-. These biciliated ependymal cells of the central canal (Ecc) resembled E2 cells of the lateral ventricles, but their basal bodies were different from those of E2 or E1 cells. Interestingly, we frequently found Ecc cells with two nuclei and four cilia, suggesting they are formed by incomplete cytokinesis or cell fusion. GFAP+ astrocytes with a single cilium and an orthogonally oriented centriole were also observed. The majority of dividing cells corresponded to biciliated Ecc cells. Central canal proliferation was most common during the active period of spinal cord growth. Pairs of labeled Ecc cells were observed within the central canal in adult mice 2.5 weeks post labeling. Our work suggests that the vast majority of postnatal dividing cells in the central canal are Ecc cells and their proliferation is associated with the growth of the spinal cord.

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Cell Proliferation; Cilia (physiology, ultrastructure); Ependyma (cytology, physiology); Mice; Mice, Inbred Strains; Neural Stem Cells (physiology, ultrastructure); Spinal Cord (cytology, growth & development)

Publication Date

10-15-2012

Publication Title

The Journal of comparative neurology

E-ISSN

1096-9861

Volume

520

Issue

15

First Page

3528

Last Page

52

PubMed ID

22434575

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1002/cne.23104

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