Directed Connectivity Analysis of the Neuro-Cardio- and Respiratory Systems Reveals Novel Biomarkers of Susceptibility to SUDEP
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the leading cause of epilepsy-related mortality and its pathophysiological mechanisms remain unknown. We set to record and analyze for the first time concurrent electroencephalographic (EEG), electrocardiographic (ECG), and unrestrained whole-body plethysmographic (Pleth) signals from control (WT - wild type) and SUDEP-prone mice (KO- knockout Kcna1 animal model). Employing multivariate autoregressive models (MVAR) we measured all tri-organ effective directional interactions by the generalized partial directed coherence (GPDC) in the frequency domain over time (hours). When compared to the control (WT) animals, the SUDEP-prone (KO) animals exhibited (p < 0.001) reduced afferent and efferent interactions between the heart and the brain over the full frequency spectrum (0-200Hz), enhanced efferent interactions from the brain to the lungs and from the heart to the lungs at high (>90 Hz) frequencies (especially during periods with seizure activity), and decreased feedback from the lungs to the brain at low (<40 Hz) frequencies. These results show that impairment in the afferent and efferent pathways in the holistic neuro-cardio-respiratory network could lead to SUDEP, and effective connectivity measures and their dynamics could serve as novel biomarkers of susceptibility to SUDEP and seizures respectively.
Brain-Heart-Lungs, Dynamics and Biomarkers, Epilepsy, Functional Network Connectivity, SUDEP
IEEE open journal of engineering in medicine and biology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hutson, T Noah; Rezaei, Farnaz; Gautier, Nicole M.; Indumathy, Jagadeeswaran; Glasscock, Edward; and Iasemidis, Leonidas, "Directed Connectivity Analysis of the Neuro-Cardio- and Respiratory Systems Reveals Novel Biomarkers of Susceptibility to SUDEP" (2020). Translational Neuroscience. 1145.