Title

Biomarkers in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The past decade has seen tremendous efforts in biomarker discovery and validation for neurodegenerative diseases. The source and type of biomarkers has continued to grow for central nervous system diseases, from biofluid-based biomarkers (blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)), to nucleic acids, tissue, and imaging. While DNA remains a predominant biomarker used to identify familial forms of neurodegenerative diseases, various types of RNA have more recently been linked to familial and sporadic forms of neurodegenerative diseases during the past few years. Imaging approaches continue to evolve and are making major contributions to target engagement and early diagnostic biomarkers. Incorporation of biomarkers into drug development and clinical trials for neurodegenerative diseases promises to aid in the development and demonstration of target engagement and drug efficacy for neurologic disorders. This review will focus on recent advancements in developing biomarkers for clinical utility in Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Keywords

Alzheimer’s disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Biomarkers, Clinical trial, Diagnostic biomarker, Parkinson’s disease, Pharmacodynamic biomarker, Prognostic biomarker

Medical Subject Headings

Alzheimer Disease (diagnostic imaging, genetics, metabolism); Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (diagnostic imaging, genetics, metabolism); Biomarkers (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, metabolism); Brain (diagnostic imaging, metabolism); DNA (genetics); Humans; Neurodegenerative Diseases (diagnostic imaging, genetics, metabolism); Parkinson Disease (diagnostic imaging, genetics, metabolism); Prognosis; RNA (genetics)

Publication Date

7-5-2017

Publication Title

Advances in neurobiology

ISSN

2190-5215

Volume

15

First Page

491

Last Page

528

PubMed ID

28674995

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1007/978-3-319-57193-5_20

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