Title

Declines in switching underlie verbal fluency changes after unilateral pallidal surgery in Parkinson's disease

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Declines in verbal fluency are consistently reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after pallidal surgery. In the present study, the clustering and switching components of semantic or category fluency (oral naming of items obtainable in supermarkets) were examined at baseline and four months after unilateral deep brain stimulation or pallidotomy in 45 patients with PD (30 left, 15 right pallidal surgery). Post-operative declines were observed for supermarket fluency total score and switching, but not for average cluster size. These findings support the proposal that semantic fluency decrements after pallidal surgery reflect a disruption of frontal-basal ganglia circuits mediating efficient shifting between semantic categories, or perhaps efficient access to categories, rather than a degradation of semantic stores.

Medical Subject Headings

Basal Ganglia (physiopathology); Cognition Disorders (diagnosis, etiology); Electric Stimulation Therapy; Female; Frontal Lobe (physiopathology); Functional Laterality (physiology); Globus Pallidus (physiology, surgery); Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Neural Pathways (physiopathology); Neuropsychological Tests; Neurosurgical Procedures (methods); Parkinson Disease (physiopathology, surgery); Postoperative Complications; Preoperative Care; Psychomotor Disorders (diagnosis, etiology); Semantics; Severity of Illness Index; Speech Disorders (diagnosis, etiology)

Publication Date

11-1-2002

Publication Title

Brain and cognition

ISSN

0278-2626

Volume

50

Issue

2

First Page

207

Last Page

17

PubMed ID

12464190

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/s0278-2626(02)00504-3

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