Title

Neuropsychological rehabilitation, neuroimaging and neuroplasticity: A clinical commentary

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Initial brain imaging studies on recovery of motor functioning after stroke suggested their potential prognostic value in neurorehabilitation. However, the value of brain imaging in documenting brain changes associated with cognitive and behavioral treatment effects seem less likely. Also, neuroimaging studies at that time seem to have little, if any, value for treatment planning. Advances in neuroimaging technology are beginning to challenge these initial impressions. In this clinical commentary, we propose that advances in the field of neuroimaging have relevance for the future development of neuropsychological rehabilitation. Neuropsychological rehabilitation is entering a new era that involves collaboration with neuroimaging and associated studies on neuroplasticity. We recognize that this may seem 'aspirational' rather than practical in most rehabilitation settings. However, we provide examples of how this can be achieved as illustrated by collaborative efforts of clinicians and scientists in the SARAH Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals in Brazil. We also review selective papers on neuroplasticity, spontaneous recovery and diaschisis that have relevance for research which will expand and further develop the field of neuropsychological rehabilitation.

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Publication Title

NeuroRehabilitation

ISSN

10538135

E-ISSN

18786448

Volume

49

Issue

2

First Page

255

Last Page

265

PubMed ID

34397433

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.3233/NRE-218024

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