Title

Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Children With Hypothalamic Hamartoma and Epilepsy

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) syndrome comprises the clinical triad of epilepsy, developmental retardation, and central precocious puberty. A predominant opinion has been that the acquired cognitive and behavioral disorders observed in children with this syndrome are a direct effect of their seizure activity. A review of the recent literature suggests that this opinion needs to be revised because it is only partially supported by the data. The size of the HH and its anatomic attachment/location, in addition to the seizure history, appear to contribute to the cognitive and behavioral disturbances in children with HH. Small sample sizes and the inability to use standard neuropsychological testing scales in more severely affected HH patients complicate the study of causality. The present literature, however, suggests that multiple factors contribute to the cognitive and behavioral problems of these children. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Publication Date

6-1-2007

Publication Title

Seminars in Pediatric Neurology

ISSN

10719091

Volume

14

Issue

2

First Page

65

Last Page

72

PubMed ID

17544949

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.spen.2007.03.004

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