Validation of the QUEST for German-speaking countries
Objective: To explore the clinimetric attributes of the German version of the quality of life in essential tremor (ET) questionnaire (QUEST) as a tremor-specific measure of quality of life. Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional study. The QUEST German version was obtained by translation-back translation procedure. ET cases were diagnosed according to the tremor investigation group criteria. Assessments included Archimedes spirals rating, EQ-5D, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and QUEST German version. Missing data were imputed for those cases in which the loss of data for one domain of the QUEST was <30%. Results: Ninety three patients out of 138 (67.4%) with definite or probable ET had complete QUEST data after 43 item imputations and they constituted the sample for this study. The QUEST summary index (QSI) displayed no floor or ceiling effects. QUEST internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranged between 0.50 and 0.89. Item-total domain correlations ranged from 0.26 to 0.82 and the item homogeneity indexes were satisfactory (range: 0.28-0.60). The QSI correlated weakly with the EQ-5D (rS=0.20) and moderately with the BDI-II (rS = 0.31) and the QUEST self-evaluation of tremor severity (rS = 0.44). Conclusions: The QUEST German version has, despite recognized data quality problems, satisfactory acceptability and internal consistency as a whole. The correlation analysis showed that tremor in the head, voice and right hand was moderately associated with quality of life.
International Journal of Neuroscience
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hopfner, Franziska; Nebel, Adelheid; Lyons, Kelly E.; Tröster, Alexander I.; Kuhlenbäumer, Gregor; Deuschl, Günther; and Martinez-Martin, Pablo, "Validation of the QUEST for German-speaking countries" (2016). Clinical Neuropsychology. 143.