Title

Eagle syndrome: A comprehensive review

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The objective of this report is to summarize the symptoms, diagnostic workup, necessary imaging, and management of Eagle syndrome. A comprehensive literature review was conducted on peer-reviewed publications of Eagle syndrome across multiple disciplines in order to gain a thorough understanding of the presentation, diagnosis, and management of this disorder. Diagnoses of Eagle Syndrome have increased, in part due to the awareness of physicians to patient symptomatology. While cervical pain and dysphagia are among the typical symptoms, patients can present with a wide spectrum of benign and dangerous symptoms. CT scan is the gold standard for diagnosis and can be aided by both 3D reconstructive imaging and Angiography. Treatment strategies include medical management (analgesics, corticosteroids, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants) and varied surgical approaches (extraoral, transoral, endoscopic assisted). Increased understanding by providers treating patients with Eagle Syndrome allows for a more comprehensive treatment plan. With a variety of medical regimens and more definitive surgical approaches, Eagle Syndrome can be treated safely and effectively.

Medical Subject Headings

Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Neck Pain (diagnostic imaging, etiology, surgery); Ossification, Heterotopic (complications, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Temporal Bone (abnormalities, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Tomography, X-Ray Computed (methods)

Publication Date

8-1-2017

Publication Title

Clinical neurology and neurosurgery

E-ISSN

1872-6968

Volume

159

First Page

34

Last Page

38

PubMed ID

28527976

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.clineuro.2017.04.021

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