Zygomatic-meatal perpendicular projection lines: bony landmarks for early identification of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle.
BACKGROUND: Localization of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle (TH) may be required during temporal lobe and ambient cistern surgery. Most available anatomic landmarks for TH localization are based on adjacent cortical landmarks that are inherently variable or subtle. This study aimed to localize the anterior tip of the TH relative to adjacent bony landmarks.
METHODS: The TH was exposed on 21 sides of 11 cadaveric heads via removal of the middle temporal gyrus. Two lines were defined: (1) a perpendicular line to the zygomatic arch projected from the anterior concavity of the posterior zygomatic root (line A), and (2) a parallel line passing through the anterosuperior corner of the external auditory canal (line B). Sagittal distances from lines A and B to a parallel line passing through the anterior recess of the TH (line H) were measured.
RESULTS: Mean (standard deviation) distances from lines A and B to line H were 13.3 (2.5) mm and 11.9 (2.2) mm, respectively. Line H was at 53% (8%) of the line A-line B interval measured from line A. The best way to search for the TH was to start approximately 15 mm posterior to line A and progress posteriorly such that a more posteriorly located TH tip would not be missed.
CONCLUSIONS: The zygomatic-meatal landmark is a reliable tool to localize TH during various approaches. It is independent from the approach trajectory. This landmark may be used as an ancillary tool in conjunction with other cortical landmarks and image guidance.
Meybodi, Ali Tayebi; Zhao, Xiaochun; Moreira, Leandro Borba; Lawton, Michael T.; and Preul, Mark C, "Zygomatic-meatal perpendicular projection lines: bony landmarks for early identification of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle." (2020). Neurosurgery. 515.