Results of transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease in patients with no histologically confirmed tumor
OBJECTIVE: Pathological confirmation of surgical resection of an adenoma for Cushing's disease is not always achieved. We reviewed our experience to determine the prognostic significance of this lack of confirmation regarding outcome, and we evaluate explanations for this situation. METHODS: The records of all patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease from 1992 to 1998 were reviewed, and those with no histological confirmation of tumor were identified. Information regarding preoperative and postoperative hormonal levels and clinical symptoms, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging data, intraoperative findings, and the number of reoperations were recorded. RESULTS: There were 29 patients with no confirmation of tumor. Nineteen (66%) of these patients were cured with surgery and only one had a recurrence of disease, with an average follow-up of 38 months. An abnormality thought to represent an adenoma at the time of surgery was removed in 26 patients (90%). Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging suggested a discrete lesion in 21 patients (72%). Neither intraoperative impression nor magnetic resonance imaging appearance was correlated with outcome. CONCLUSION: Patients with no histological confirmation of tumor after transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease are likely to have a good outcome. The results do not differ significantly from reported cure rates in patients with confirmed adenomas. Possible explanations for this situation are discussed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Sheehan, J. M.; Beatriz Lopes, M.; Sheehan, J. P.; Ellegala, D.; Webb, K. M.; Laws, Jr; and Chandler, W. F., "Results of transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease in patients with no histologically confirmed tumor" (2000). Neurosurgery. 1538.