Sirtuin 3 Attenuates Amyloid-Beta Induced Neuronal Hypometabolism
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is manifested by regional cerebral hypometabolism. Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) is localized in mitochondria and regulates cellular metabolism, but the role of Sirt3 in AD-related hypometabolism remains elusive. We used expression profiling and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to analyze cortical neurons from a transgenic mouse model of AD (APPSwInd). Based on WGCNA results, we measured NAD+ level, NAD+/ NADH ratio, Sirt3 protein level and its deacetylation activity, and ATP production across both in vivo and in vitro models. To investigate the effect of Sirt3 on amyloid-Î² (AÎ²)-induced mitochondria damage, we knocked down and over-expressed Sirt3 in hippocampal cells. WGCNA revealed Sirt3 as a key player in AÎ²-related hypometabolism. In APP mice, the NAD+ level, NAD+/ NADH ratio, Sirt3 protein level and activity, and ATP production were all reduced compared to the control. As a result, learning and memory performance were impaired in 9-month-old APP mice compared to wild type controls. Using hippocampal HT22 cells model, Sirt3 overexpression increased Sirt3 deacetylation activity, rescued mitochondria function, and salvaged ATP production, which were damaged by AÎ². Sirt3 plays an important role in regulating AÎ²-induced cerebral hypometabolism. This study suggests a potential direction for AD therapy.
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Yin, Junxiang; Li, Shiping; Nielsen, Megan; Carcione, Tanner; Liang, Winnie S.; and Shi, Jiong, "Sirtuin 3 Attenuates Amyloid-Beta Induced Neuronal Hypometabolism" (2018). Neurology. 206.