Characterisation of the furanocoumarin phellopterin as a rat brain benzodiazepine receptor partial agonist in vitro
Phellopterin, a naturally occurring furanocoumarin found in the roots of Angelica dahurica, inhibits [ H]diazepam and ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H- imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate ([ H]Ro 15-1788) binding to the benzodiazepine site of the rat brain γ-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor in vitro with IC values of 400 and 680 nM, respectively. Two other naturally occurring furanocoumarins, byakangelicol and imperatorin were significantly less potent, with IC values for inhibition of [ H]diazepam binding of 8.0 and 12.3 μM, respectively. Scatchard plot analysis showed that the inhibitory activity of phellopterin was due to competitive inhibition of the benzodiazepine ligand binding. The results of GABA- and t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS)-shift assays suggest that phellopterin is a partial agonist of the central benzodiazepine receptors in vitro. 3 3 3 50 50
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Dekermendjian, Kim; Ai, Jinglu; Nielsen, Mogens; Sterner, Olov; Shan, Rudong; and Witt, Michael Robin, "Characterisation of the furanocoumarin phellopterin as a rat brain benzodiazepine receptor partial agonist in vitro" (1996). Neurobiology. 970.