Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (Bdnf) And Trkb Hippocampal Gene Expression Are Putative Predictors Of Neuritic Plaque And Neurofibrillary Tangle Pathology
Introduction: Downregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its cognate neurotrophin receptor, TrkB, were observed during the progression of dementia, but whether the Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological lesions diffuse plaques, (DPs), neuritic plaques (NPs), and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are related to this alteration remains to be clarified. Methods: Negative binomial (NB) regressions were performed using gene expression data accrued from a single population of CA1 pyramidal neurons and regional hippocampal dissections obtained from participants in the Rush Religious Orders Study (RROS). Results: Downregulation of Bdnf is independently associated with increased entorhinal cortex NPs. Downregulation of TrkB is independently associated with increased entorhinal cortex NFTs and CA1 NPs during the progression of AD. Discussion: Results indicate that BDNF and TrkB dysregulation contribute to AD neuropathology, most notably hippocampal NPs and NFTs. These data suggest attenuating BDNF/TrkB signaling deficits either at the level of BDNF, TrkB, or downstream of TrkB signaling may abrogate NPs and/or NFTs.
Neurobiology of Disease
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Ginsberg, Stephen D.; Malek-Ahmadi, Michael H.; Alldred, Melissa J.; Chen, Yinghua; Chen, Kewei; Chao, Moses V.; Counts, Scott E.; and Mufson, Elliott J., "Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (Bdnf) And Trkb Hippocampal Gene Expression Are Putative Predictors Of Neuritic Plaque And Neurofibrillary Tangle Pathology" (2019). Translational Neuroscience. 309.